How to write a Statement of Purpose?

How to write a statement of purpose?


A statement of purpose (SOP), provides information about who you are, why you’re applying to the particular area and Institute, and why you choose a particular Research topic. It reflects not only who you are as a candidate, but your writing abilities as well. While writing SOP, one must clearly mention his/ her intentions to pursue the Ph.D./ Doctoral Programme.

This is very important as you need to clearly justify the reason to choose a particular research topic, otherwise chances of your shortlisting reduces.

Please make sure to check out the pattern followed by your Institute and prepare accordingly.

How long is a statement of purpose supposed to be? What main points are to be included?

Not longer than 1 – 1.5 pages as it would divert focus and affect clarity in your purpose.

Clearly state your key achievements, strengths in different scenarios and what differentiate you from the other applicants.

Statement of Purpose Format – What do I write?

Part 1: Who are you and what do you want to do a Ph.D.? Why a specific specialization/ area?

-1st paragraph

In the first paragraph, you should introduce yourself by briefly giving your background and stating your current career goal or objective. Highlight your achievements relevant for your selection to the particular Research field. Also, list down all the Research papers and publications in this section.

Part 2: What is the motivation behind your research career selection?

– 2nd paragraph

The second paragraph should explain how you came to be interested in your specific area of study. Now that you’ve made it clear that you have a background and goal related to the program, explain your interest in it. Your statement of purpose tells admissions officers why you’re applying, and reflects your career path. Clearly mention what type of Institution you want to work for and which Research field and topic you are interested in. If your Research line is different than your academic line, clearly justify your point.

Part 3: Why are you the right candidate for the program?

– 3rd and 4th paragraphs

After this, in the third paragraph, briefly describe any experience including jobs, internships, projects, you have done.

Next up is the fourth paragraph where you can describe any other non- academic experiences that helped you decide on your specific area of study. You can take help from your seniors or friends or alumni of the Institute to make this section more worthy.

Part 4: What do you want to do in the future?

– Closing paragraph

In the final closing paragraph, you should very briefly describe your long-term career goals. Be very clear and specific when you write this, as it is not the immediate goal, but a long-term goal.

We have 8 articles/ videos on our website, please refer and get guidance from these:


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